On tuesday, December 13th 2017, Chaimae Ghfiri has defended her thesis. Awarded by INSA, her work was supervised by both LAAS CNRS laboratory, the GEET doctoral school and IRT Saint Exupéry. The high quality and the relevance of Chaimae’s thesis contributed to get significant results as a part of ROBUSTESSE project.
« Development and validation of a predictive model to insure the long-term Electromagnetic Compatibility of embedded electronic systems »
Last year, Chaimae Ghfiri, was awarded the prize for best paper at the 2016 7th Asia-Pacific International Electromagnetic Compatibility and Signal Integrity Symposium (APEMC) which took place in Shenzhen, China between 18 and 21 May. This exceptional performance recognises the talent of a young researcher. It also highlights a highly successful academic-multi-sector industrial co-supervision put in place thanks to the Institutes of Technology model introduced in 2011. Academic (the University of Toulouse, Insa Toulouse, LAAS-CNRS) and industrial partners (Continental, Airbus) all contributed the work being presented in the winning paper.
The paper discusses creating and using numerical simulation models to meet the robustness needs of electronics being developed by equipment manufacturers for the automotive and aerospace industries.
About her thesis
With the technological evolution of integrated circuits (ICs) through the transistors scaling, which leads to the multiplication of the number of transistors within a chip, the requirements in terms of emission and immunity levels become more restrictive in the aeronautic, space and automotive industries. Moreover, since the evolution of Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) levels of electronic equipment after aging must meet the EMC long-term requirements, the EMC margins defined by the manufacturers are often overestimated and the filtering systems designed by the equipment manufacturer could be oversized.
Therefore, for the integrated circuits dedicated to embedded applications, it is necessary to study the different aspects of EMC modeling as well as the reliability the modeling. These last years, several standards have been proposed for the construction of predictive EMC models such as ICEM-CE/RE (Integrated Circuit Emission Model for Conducted and Radiated Emission) and ICIM-CI (Integrated Circuit Immunity Model for Conducted Immunity). On the other hand, to integrate the effect of aging in EMC models, it is important to study the main intrinsic degradation mechanisms that accelerate the aging of ICs, such as HCI (Hot Carrier Injection), TDDB (Time Dependent Dielectric Breakdown), EM (Electromigration) and NBTI (Negative Bias Temperature Instability). For this purpose, there are existing models for the reliability prediction, such as the MIL-HDBK-217 standard and the FIDES standard. However, these models could take into account only the activation of one degradation mechanism. The combination of several degradation mechanisms could be critical for the IC performances and could contribute in the evolution of EMC level.
This thesis deals with the construction of a conducted emission model of an FPGA and the proposition of new modeling methodologies. Furthermore, the reliability of the tested FPGA is described using a new predictive model, which takes into account the activation of the different degradation mechanisms. The reliability model has been combined with the EMC model for the long-term conducted emission level prediction.
A study into Off The Shelf Components (COTS) technologies’ reliability under operating environment conditions for the transport industry.
- Mme Sonia BEN DHIA – INSA Toulouse – PhD Advisor
- M. Alexandre BOYER – INSA Toulouse – PhD Co-Supervisor
- M. Fabian VARGAS – Catholic University – PUCRS – Rapporteur
- M. Berand DEUTSCHMAN – Graz University of Technology – Rapporteur
- Mme Geneviève DUCHAMP – Toulouse University – Examiner
- Mme Marise BAFLEUR – LAAS-CNRS – Examiner
- M. Frédéric LAFON – VALEO – Examiner
- M. André DURIER – IRT Saint Exupéry – Examiner
C. Ghfiri, A. Boyer, A. Durier, S. Ben Dhia : “A new methodology to build the Internal Activity Block of ICEM-CE for complex Integrated Circuits”. IEEE (2017)
C. Ghfiri, A. Boyer, A. Durier, S. Ben Dhia : “Methodology of modeling of the internal activity of a FPGA for conducted emission prediction purpose”. IEEE (2017)
C. Ghfiri, A. Boyer, A. Durier, S. Ben Dhia, C Marot : “Construction d’un modèle ICEM pour predire l’émission électromagnètique d’un FPGA “. 18e Colloque International et Exposition sur la Compatibilite Electromagnetique (CEM, 2016)
A. Durier, A. Bensoussan, M. Zerarka, C. Ghfiri, A. Boyer and H. Frémont : “A methodologic project to characterize and model COTS component reliability”. Microelectronics Reliability Journal (2015)